The United States signed the Biological and Toxin Weapons Agreement in 1972 along with 163 world states and The Republic of China.
According to the United Nations Office website at Geneva, it was the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning the production of an entire category of weapons. In the past 30 years the agreement's effectiveness has markedly declined due to lack of monitoring and the rise of threats in other areas of warfare.
Wikipedia says: "Each State Party to this Convention undertakes never in any circumstances to develop, produce, stockpile or otherwise acquire or retain:
- (1) Microbial or other biological agents, or toxins whatever their origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes;
- (2) Weapons, equipment or means of delivery designed to use such agents or toxins for hostile purposes or in armed conflict." (source: Wikipedia)
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